David And Goliath Bible Verse (With Commentary)

The tale of David and Goliath, found in the First Book of Samuel in the Bible, is an enduring narrative of courage, faith, and triumph against overwhelming odds.

It unfolds in the historic conflict between the young shepherd David and the formidable Philistine giant, Goliath. This iconic story resonates through the ages, inspiring individuals to face their own giants with unwavering trust in a higher power.

David And Goliath Bible Verse

As we explore the thirty verses encompassing this biblical account, we delve into the profound lessons and timeless truths that continue to captivate hearts and minds.

1 Samuel 17:1-2

Now the Philistines gathered their forces for war and assembled at Sokoh in Judah. They pitched camp at Ephes Dammim, between Sokoh and Azekah.

In the valley of Elah, the stage is set for an epic clash between the forces of the Philistines and the Israelites.

1 Samuel 17:3-4

Saul and the Israelites assembled and camped in the Valley of Elah and drew up their battle line to meet the Philistines. The Philistines occupied one hill and the Israelites another, with the valley between them.

A standoff arises as the two armies position themselves, creating an atmosphere of tension and anticipation.

1 Samuel 17:5-7

A champion named Goliath, who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. His height was six cubits and a span. He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze weighing five thousand shekels; on his legs, he wore bronze greaves, and a bronze javelin was slung on his back.

Goliath, a giant of formidable stature and armored in bronze, emerges as the Philistines’ champion, striking fear into the hearts of the Israelites.

1 Samuel 17:8-9

His shield-bearer went ahead of him. Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, “Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose a man and have him come down to me.

Goliath challenges the Israelites to send out a champion for a one-on-one battle, presenting a proposition that shakes the resolve of Saul’s army.

1 Samuel 17:10-11

If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us.” Then the Philistine said, “This day I defy the armies of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other.”

The stakes are high, and Goliath’s taunts amplify the pressure on the Israelites to find a contender for this monumental duel.

1 Samuel 17:12-13

Now David was the son of an Ephrathite named Jesse, who was from Bethlehem in Judah. Jesse had eight sons, and in Saul’s time he was very old. Jesse’s three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war: The firstborn was Eliab; the second, Abinadab; and the third, Shammah.

Enter David, the youngest son of Jesse, initially an unlikely candidate for this showdown of titans.

1 Samuel 17:14-15

David was the youngest. The three oldest followed Saul, but David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.

While his older brothers join the army, David is entrusted with the humble task of shepherding his father’s flock.

1 Samuel 17:16

For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening and took his stand.

The standoff continues, with Goliath’s challenge lingering over the Israelite camp, testing their resolve day after day.

1 Samuel 17:17-18

Now Jesse said to his son David, “Take this ephah of roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp. Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their unit. See how your brothers are and bring back some assurance from them.

David’s journey to the front lines begins, as he is tasked with providing provisions for his brothers and gaining insight into the ongoing battle.

1 Samuel 17:19-20

They are with Saul and all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines.” Early in the morning, David left the flock in the care of a shepherd, loaded up, and set out, as Jesse had directed. He reached the camp as the army was going out to its battle positions, shouting the war cry.

Arriving at the scene, David witnesses the fervor of battle and the charged atmosphere within the ranks of Saul’s army.

1 Samuel 17:21-22

Israel and the Philistines were drawing up their lines facing each other. David left his things with the keeper of supplies, ran to the battle lines, and asked his brothers how they were.

Eager to understand the situation, David arrives at the front lines, leaving his provisions behind to inquire about the well-being of his brothers.

1 Samuel 17:23-24

As he was talking with them, Goliath, the Philistine champion from Gath, stepped out from his lines and shouted his usual defiance, and David heard it.

In the midst of David’s conversation with his brothers, Goliath’s booming challenge once again echoes through the valley, drawing the attention of all.

1 Samuel 17:25-26

Whenever the Israelites saw the man, they all fled from him in great fear. Now the Israelites had been saying, “Do you see how this man keeps coming out? He comes out to defy Israel. The king will give great wealth to the man who kills him. He will also give him his daughter in marriage and will exempt his family from taxes in Israel.”

The prevailing fear among the Israelites is palpable, yet Saul sweetens the deal for anyone brave enough to confront and defeat Goliath.

1 Samuel 17:27-28

David spoke to the men standing near him, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and removes this disgrace from Israel? Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God?”

Intrigued by the reward and unable to bear the insult to God’s people, David questions the resolve of those around him.

1 Samuel 17:29

They repeated to him what they had been saying and told him, “This is what will be done for the man who kills him.”

David’s inquiry is met with confirmation of the reward, but his concern transcends mere material gain.

1 Samuel 17:30

Eliab, David’s oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men; and he burned with anger at him and asked, “Why have you come down here? And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the wilderness? I know how conceited you are and how wicked your heart is; you came down only to watch the battle.”

Eliab, fueled by jealousy, confronts David, accusing him of neglecting his duties as a shepherd and seeking only personal glory.

1 Samuel 17:31-32

“Now what have you done?” he said. “Go back! And take care of these few sheep, but David said to Saul, “Your servant has been keeping his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came and carried off a sheep from the flock, I went after it, struck it, and rescued the sheep from its mouth.

Undeterred, David defends his purpose, recounting his experiences as a shepherd and his courage in protecting the flock from wild predators.

1 Samuel 17:33-34

When it turned on me, I seized it by its hair, struck it, and killed it. Your servant has killed both the lion and the bear; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, because he has defied the armies of the living God.

David boldly declares his faith in God’s deliverance and recalls the victories he has experienced in the face of danger.

1 Samuel 17:35-36

The Lord who rescued me from the paw of the lion and the paw of the bear will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine.” Saul said to David, “Go, and the Lord be with you.”

Saul, recognizing David’s conviction, grants him permission to face Goliath and invokes the Lord’s protection upon him.

1 Samuel 17:37

Then Saul dressed David in his own tunic. He put a coat of armor on him and a bronze helmet on his head.

Attempting to equip David in traditional armor, Saul seeks to ensure his safety in the impending battle.

1 Samuel 17:38-39

David fastened on his sword over the tunic and tried walking around because he was not used to them. “I cannot go in these,” he said to Saul, “because I am not used to them.” So he took them off.

Despite Saul’s well-intentioned efforts, David opts for simplicity, choosing to rely on the tools he knows best.

1 Samuel 17:40

Then he took his staff in his hand, chose five smooth stones from the stream, put them in the pouch of his shepherd’s bag, and, with his sling in his hand, approached the Philistine.

David, armed with a sling and stones, approaches the battlefield with a shepherd’s poise, demonstrating his trust in the unconventional.

1 Samuel 17:41-42

Meanwhile, the Philistine, with his shield-bearer in front of him, kept coming closer to David. He looked David over and saw that he was little more than a boy, glowing with health and handsome, and he despised him.

Goliath, underestimating David, scorns his youth and appearance, oblivious to the strength of David’s unwavering faith.

1 Samuel 17:43

He said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come at me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.

Goliath, insulted by David’s seemingly feeble weaponry, responds with mockery and curses, unaware of the divine strength guiding David.

1 Samuel 17:44-45

“Come here,” he said, “and I’ll give your flesh to the birds and the wild animals!” David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.

David boldly proclaims his reliance on the God of Israel, emphasizing that the battle is not his alone but the Lord’s.

1 Samuel 17:46-47

This day the Lord will deliver you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds and the wild animals, and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel.

With unwavering confidence, David foretells Goliath’s defeat and declares the victory as a testament to the power of the God of Israel.

1 Samuel 17:48-49

As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him. Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground.

In a moment of divine intervention, David’s skill with the sling, guided by God, brings Goliath down, fulfilling the prophecy.

1 Samuel 17:50-51

So, David triumphed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone; without a sword in his hand, he struck down the Philistine and killed him. David ran and stood over him. He took hold of the Philistine’s sword and drew it from the sheath. After he killed him, he cut off his head with the sword. When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran.

The victory is complete, as David, guided by divine strength, not only defeats Goliath but also severs the head of the giant.

1 Samuel 17:52

Then the men of Israel and Judah surged forward with a shout and pursued the Philistines to the entrance of Gath and to the gates of Ekron. Their dead were strewn along the Shaaraim road to Gath and Ekron.

Inspired by David’s courage, the Israelites seize the moment and pursue the fleeing Philistines, reclaiming territory lost to the enemy.

1 Samuel 17:53

When the Israelites returned from chasing the Philistines, they plundered their camp.

The spoils of victory become the Israelites’ reward, marking the culmination of a remarkable triumph led by a shepherd boy who dared to trust in the living God.

The tale of David and Goliath remains a powerful testament to the strength that arises from unwavering faith and courage in the face of seemingly insurmountable challenges.

This narrative continues to inspire generations, reminding us that with God, even the most unlikely heroes can conquer giants.